Type Species

Syracosphaera mediterranea Lohmann, 1902


Loxolith has a non-birefringent, imbricated outer wall, a birefringent inner wall and a central area with or without distal process.


Coronosphaera differs from Syracosphaera Lohmann (1902) by being loxolith. The latter is a three-shielded placoliths [may be interpreted as loxolith with distal, mid-wall and proximal flanges] with a wide central area with or without distal process.

Coronosphaera is distinguished from Laminolithus Heimdal in Heimdal & Gaarder (1980) by having zeugoid outer and inner walls whilst the latter has a single protolith wall.


Gaarder, K. R. & Heimdal, B. R., (1977): A revision of the genus Syracosphaera Lohmann (Coccolithineae). - “Meteor” Forschungsergebnisse, Reihe D, Biologie. 24: 54-71.

Heimdal, B. R. & Gaarder, K. R., (1980): Coccolithophorids from the northern part of the eastern central Atlantic I. Holococcolithophorids. - “Meteor” Forschungsergebnisse, Reihe D, Biologie. 32: 1-14.

Lohmann, H., (1902): Die Coccolithophoridae, eine Monographie der Coccolithen bildenden Flagellaten, zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. - Archiv für Protistenkunde. 1: 89-165.